Manuscripts and Books.

This page contains scans of handwritten manuscripts and books relating to different European combat techniques. The majority were written by German or Italian fencing masters between 1200-1600AD.

Image from Talhofer's manuscript of 1459

I appologize if some of the documents are categorized under the wrong header. Please let me know of any mistakes, by emailing

Also, if you discover a document that shouldn't be online or distributed here, then please let me know. I am trying to collect as much material as possible while sustaining a proper respect for copyrights. However, unintentional mistakes can and probably will happen.

Great lists of what is known to exist or have existed can be found here:

The ARMA's list of known manuscripts Hammaborg's list of German manuscripts